This article serves in part as an update to the article released by InfoCom in 2010 and 2012 regarding fibre market trends and deployments in selected countries. However, this time we focus on high-speed broadband developments within the EU5 countries, i.e. France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, from 2Q13 to 2Q14, as we detected key developments in these markets during the period. We first present the types of existing high-speed technologies in the EU5, followed by a discussion of the recent evolutions in the mentioned countries. We then present an overview of the deployment strategies and future technology plans of selected operators. Lastly, we provide an outlook for the next five years, highlighting the evolution of high-speed technologies in the countries monitored.
In this article, high-speed broadband include the following technologies:
• FTTP (fibre-to-the-premises) refers to any fibre optic network set-up all the way to the customer’s premises. This includes FTTH (fibre-to-the-home), i.e. there are no traditional copper lines anymore, and FTTB (fibre-to-the-basement / building) i.e. within the building, copper is still used.
• FTTC (fibre-to-the-curb or cabinet) or FTTN (fibre-to-the-node) refers to fibre optic network laid between operators’ local exchanges and the distribution cabinets that are usually found on the curbs or pavements in the streets, i.e. the last meters (usually a few hundred meters) between the cabinet and the end-users’ houses or offices are realised with VDSL (e.g. VDSL, VDSL2, VDSL vectoring) on copper lines.
• DOCSIS 3.0 (or EuroDOCSIS 3.0) refers to an HFC (Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial) set-up with the remaining meters realised with DOCSIS 3.0 (or EuroDOCSIS 3.0) on coaxial lines.
The lower versions of DOCSIS, as well as ADSL, ADSL2/2+ are therefore not included within this article, since not regarded as high-speed, but only as traditional broadband connection.
Furthermore, penetration rate is defined as the ratio of total high-speed connections over total households. All information presented in this article came from InfoCom’s quarterly broadband monitoring service and EU Commission reports.